McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

With Super Tuesday now behind us, and races for State Senate and State Assembly seats starting to take shape, let’s take a look at who judges the qualifications of its members, aside from voters when they exercise their right to vote Assemblymembers and State Senators in and out of office, or when they exercise

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

On occasion, I’ve been asked whether there’s any recourse if the Legislature and Governor enact a law that somehow violated the state and/or federal constitutions. Obviously, the first action would be to challenge the enacted bill in either a state or federal court, depending on the basis for that constitutional challenge. Another avenue is

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

Most capitol observers don’t often come across bills that delineate between general or special statutes. What’s the difference? A general statute is essentially a law that pertains uniformly to an entire community or to all persons generally. On the other hand, a special statute is essentially a law that applies to a particular person,

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

Although California’s constitution provides for the amendment of the state constitution, it does not actually define the term. California’s Legislative Counsel defines a constitutional amendment as a resolution proposing a change to the California Constitution. It may be presented by the Legislature or by initiative, and it’s adopted upon voter approval at a state‑wide

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

Today we’ll take a brief look at how to have effective meetings with legislators and their staff. First, note that there are basically two types of meetings you can have with elected or appointed officials, relationship-building meetings and policy meetings.

Relationship building meetings are an important first

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

In California’s Government Code there are a number of sections of law that prohibit specified political activities of public employees.

Government Code section 3201 specifies that the Legislature makes a finding that political activities of public employees are of significant statewide concern and that the provisions of this section of the law supersede all

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

Article IV of the California Constitution deals with the Legislature, and there are several sections that are applicable to ethical conduct by members of the Legislature. These provisions are found primarily in Sections 4 and 5 of California’s Constitution.

Article IV, Section 4 contains a prohibition on certain earned income. It essentially prohibits a

What does “separation of powers” mean in the state of California? Similar to the federal government, it essentially means that the powers of government are provided to separate branches of government to operate.

These powers are set forth in the California Constitution and are granted to the three branches of government: legislative, executive, and

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

So, what essentially are appropriations measures? Unfortunately, while California law does not define the term, it is used frequently in the law. California’s Legislative Counsel defines an appropriation as an amount of money made available for expenditure by a specific entity for a specific purpose from the General Fund or some other designated state

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

Title I, Division 4, Chapter 7, Article 2 of the California Government Code provides for impeachment of officials by the California Legislature.

The process is spelled out through multiple sections of the California Government Code. The Code provides that state officers elected on a statewide basis, including members of the Board of Equalization and