McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli outside the California State Capitol

California’s judicial branch is supported by several important entities that assist the judiciary in operating efficiently. These include the Commission on Judicial Appointments and the Commission on Judicial Performance. Let’s take a look at what they do, and who make up the memberships of these Commissions.

Commission on Judicial Appointments

The Commission on Judicial

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli outside the California State Capitol

The twin goals of the APA at the federal and state levels are to ensure for purposes of any proposed rulemaking that there’s notice to the public and an opportunity for the public to be heard. With that in mind, there are a few items of interest for those who participate in rulemaking activities

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

Urgency statutes are found in Article IV, Section 8 of the California Constitution. Bills signed into law by the Governor that contain an urgency clause become urgency statutes.

Article IV, Section 8(c)(3) of the Constitution lays out the major difference between a regular bill and an urgency bill. A regular statute goes into effect

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

There’s often confusion in the California legislative process regarding effective versus operative dates. The most common effective date, basically the so-called default effective date, is January 1 following the year a bill was enacted.

As for operative dates, in 1956 the Attorney General declared that a statute may be worded to provide for an

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

As one would imagine, the organization and structure of the California Legislature is found in Article IV, and there are half a dozen sections in Article IV that relate to the organization and structure of the Legislature. What are in these sections? I’ve included a sampling of some of the more comprehensive sections in

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

Provisions about nominations and commissions made by the Governor are found in California’s Government Code in Title 1, Division 4, Chapter 2, Article II. Article II deals with nominations by the Governor. Article III provides for commissions by the Governor.

Starting in Article II, with nominations, Government Code Section 1320 requires nominations that are

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

The general business affairs of each house of the California Legislature are conducted by each house’s respective Committee on Rules. While the roles of the Senate and Assembly Committee on Rules are largely similar, they are different in several aspects.

As far as similarities are concerned, both committees:

  • Consider substantive legislation
  • Continue in existence

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

There are a number of sections in California’s Government Code that set forth the operation of statutes and resolutions. These statutes in the Government Code were enacted back in 1943 and can be found in Title II, Division 2, Part 1, Chapter 6 of California’s Government Code.

Included in the many sections of this

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

Before you can really set off drafting legislation in California, you need to understand the format of California’s Codes. There is a specific way that our Codes our organized. Codes read, from top to bottom: the Code, Title, Division, Part, Chapter, Article, and then lastly, Section – which is the actual piece of law.

McGeorge Adjunct Professor Chris Micheli

Generally, the committees deal with legislation before passing measures to the floor of either the Senate or the Assembly. However, there are rare instances where legislators choose to return a bill to committee when that measure is pending on either floor. There are times when legislators desire to pull or withdraw a bill out