UNLV Boyd School of Law Professor Addie Rolnick talks with Jon Wainwright about her work to improve the juvenile justice system for tribal youth. Professor Rolnick goes over the biggest issues facing tribal youth who enter the juvenile justice system and offers the solutions she thinks are necessary to fix some of the cracks in the system.

One of the issues that we discussed that truly blew me away the lack of data on tribal youth in the justice system. Collecting data seems to me to be one of the easiest things an institution can do. This is one of the facets of the juvenile justice system that Professor Rolnick has been working to improve, having testified to Congress about this issue, as well as other improvements such as allowing for greater tribal control over juvenile justice, more flexible funding for tribes, and communication requirements for states and federal agencies, among other recommendations. As I mentioned before, she has brought these issues up to Congress as recently as last September when she testified to the U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs’ Oversight Hearing on “Justice for Native Youth: The GAO Report on ‘Native American Youth Involvement in Justice Systems and Information on Grants to Help Address Juvenile Delinquency.'”

You can learn more about Professor Rolnick’s background and keep up to speed with her publications and news appearances here. Or, you can follow her on Twitter @acrolnick.

You can listen to today’s conversation on Apple Podcasts, iTunes, Stitcher Radio, Spotify, and now TuneIn Radio, in addition to wherever else you listen to podcasts.

If you want to help more people hear this conversation, please subscribe to The CAP⋅impact Podcast on any of those services and leave a 5-star rating and a positive review. That makes it easier for the show to be found which in turn makes it easier for people to learn about UNLV Boyd School of Law Professor Addie Rolnick’s work.

The 2017-18 legislative session was a lively one, as well as the last one ever to overseen by Governor Jerry Brown. To discuss the end of session and some of the historic legislation that came out of it, we talk with Aaron Brieno – Leg. Director to Sen. Ben Hueso – now former lobbyist Lexi Howard – she was a contract lobbyist at the time of recording – and lobbyist and friend of the show Chris Micheli.

As always, if you enjoyed today’s episode, please take the time to leave us a five-star rating on iTunes, Apple Podcasts, or Stitcher Radio, and subscribe to our show wherever you listen to podcasts. All of that makes The CAP⋅impact Podcast easier to find and more accessible.

You can also stay in touch with us and let us know what you thought about today’s show and think about the show generally on Facebook and Twitter. Just like CAP⋅impact on Facebook or follow @CAPimpactCA on Twitter.

The CAP⋅impact Podcast is made possible by the Capital Center for Law & Policy at McGeorge School of Law in Sacramento, California. You can learn more about the Capital Center here, and keep up with the Capital Center on Facebook and Twitter.

Criminal Justice Reform in 2018 – What to Look For

With the California Legislature’s February 16 bill introduction deadline rapidly approaching, now seems as good a time as any to dive in to a conversation I had with Liah Burnley, a Policy Advocate for Californians for Safety and Justice (CSJ), where we look at some of the upcoming criminal justice reform bills in 2018. We talked extensively about the bills that CSJ is taking the lead on, but it is worth noting that they will also be co-sponsoring more bills with other members of the criminal justice reform community. This is just a sample of what to expect this year.

The last time we talked with Liah, we discussed how CSJ’s policy priorities are influenced by survivors of crime and the formerly incarcerated. That is absolutely evident in the priorities we talk about, which are: occupational licensing standards and the background check process – informed by CSJ’s Second Chances program which works to assist the formerly incarcerated – providing trauma informed services in K-12 schools – influenced by their Crime Survivors Network – and CSJ is also wading into sentencing reform, with a specific look at reforming enhancements and how they’re used.

The issues of professional licensing and background checks go hand in hand. As Liah points out the process is “very messy” and that background check reports that go to licensing boards “are often incomplete, inaccurate” which makes it easier for a licensing board to deny someone a professional license. One of the issues that Liah notes is that these boards have broad authority to deny someone a license, even someone without a record, and in doing so it makes it more difficult for the formerly incarcerated to take a skill that they have a turn it into a career where they can earn money for themselves and their family.

The other issue that we spent a large chunk of time on was sentencing reform, which is important given that California’s prison system is still over 130% capacity. Specifically, CSJ is looking at reforming gang enhancements and the way enhancements are used. Currently, someone with a prior conviction, can get an enhancement tacked on just for having the prior. If that prior is also a strike under California’s Three Strikes law, it’s another enhancement in addition to the first enhancement. So for someone who has already served their time for one previous mistake, they can be looking at seeing the time they serve for a new misstep increase dramatically. As Liah points out:

“You’re looking at five more years, plus your time doubled, plus your base sentence, plus any other enhancements that may be added to your sentence. You’re going from what could’ve been a three year sentence to a twenty year sentence.”

Liah Burnley – Policy Advocate, Californians for Safety and Justice









Informing Criminal Justice Reform Policies by Engaging with Crime Survivors and the Formerly Incarcerated

I recently spoke with Liah Burnley, who is a Policy Advocate for Californians for Safety and Justice (CSJ), about the history of and work that CSJ does. CSJ works on criminal justice reform issues, with a particular focus on reducing wasteful spending in California’s justice system and breaking the cycle of crime by promoting policies and spending that help create safe communities and safe neighborhoods.

But what I found particularly interesting in our conversation was how CSJ informs itself before making decisions on various policies. There are two main groups that CSJ works with to get this information, crime survivors and the formerly incarcerated. It should be pointed out that – at least according to CSJ – a crime survivor is not the same as a crime victim. Crime survivors are those who are impacted by crime. Does that include victims of crime? Absolutely. But survivors also include the family and neighbors of those victims. If you think of water dropping, the crime is the drop and all the ripples that come from that drop are the impacted survivors.

The sense that I had after talking with Liah is that this second group, the formerly incarcerated, are really at the core of what CSJ works on. CSJ got started, and made a name for itself, by working on Prop 47 implementation. In doing so, they learned about multiple other inefficiencies in California’s criminal justice system and expanded their work accordingly so that, as Liah put it, when people are out there trying to pull themselves up by their bootstraps that “those bootstraps are actually there.”

There was one other thing that Liah shared with me that stuck. It’s something that she lives by and seems to encapsulate the criminal justice reform movement, “each of us is worth more than the worst thing that we’ve ever done.” I think that in the majority of cases, that mantra holds true.

If you want to learn more about Californians for Safety and Justice, feel free to check out their website safeandjust.org. You can also Like Californians for Safety and Justice on Facebook follow them on Twitter @safeandjust.